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Cymbalta And The Brain

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#1 fishinghat


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Posted 23 May 2021 - 03:23 PM

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2021 Feb;43:129-138. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.12.009. Epub 2021 Jan 3.
Gray matter reorganization underpinnings of antidepressant treatment of persistent depressive disorder
Jie Yang 1, David J Hellerstein 2, Ying Chen 3, Patrick J McGrath 3, Jonathan W Stewart 3, Zhening Liu 4, Bradley S Peterson 5, Zhishun Wang 3
Brain gray matter is organized in a manner with interconnected brain regions, resulting in a notable covariance pattern that recapitulates either the functional coactivation or structural connectivity of brain regions, which is believed to underpin psychiatric disorders such as depression. This study aimed to investigate whether and how antidepressants took effect in treating depression and reducing symptoms by altering the gray matter covariance pattern. We combined structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans acquired in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (RCT) studies of the treatment using serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) antidepressant medications in patients with persistent depressive disorder (PDD). One was an RCT of 10-week duloxetine medication that consisted of patients who received duloxetine (N = 21) or placebo (N = 21), and the other was an RCT of 12-week desvenlafaxine medication that consisted of 19 and 17 patients respectively who received desvenlafaxine or placebo. We examined treatment effect on gray matter volume (GMV) and topological organization of GMV covariance pattern (i.e., GMV-based network). We found a treatment-by-time effect on GMV (gray matter volume)  in the angular gyrus and cuneus areas, whereas the GMV change rate of the cuneus was inversely correlated with the response rate. We observed a significant increase in the local efficiency of the GMV-based network following medication treatment compared with placebo. Our findings provide preliminary evidence for a GMV-based network-specific reconfiguration caused by antidepressants compared to placebo and the cuneus may be a possible candidate region to predict antidepressant response.
cuneus  - An area of the brain that is most known for its involvement in basic visual processing. 

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